Do I file a DBA in every city or just my home town?


According to Massachusetts General Law, c110 §5, any person conducting a business in the Commonwealth, individually or as a partnership, under any title or name other than the actual name of the person conducting the business, must file a Business Certificate (DBA) with the Clerk of the town or city in which the business has an office.

If I am starting a business from home where I will provide a service in multiple cities in my state, do I have to register my DBA name in every town I do business in or just in the one I am based out of? I know it says where I have an office, but imagine for a second that I file a DBA in my home town, and then later want to do business with a company in Boston and then later in Springfield. Do I have to register in every town/city before I can do that business? What if someone else register's in their town/city with the same name?

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Startups – Rapid Growth and Innovation is in Our Very Nature!

Agora starts life as a public company by more than doubling to $50 a share

Shares of Agora, a China and U.S.-based “real-time engagement” API company, soared today after it went public.

Yesterday Agora priced 17.5 million shares at $20 apiece, up from its target range of $16 to $18 per share. The firm raised $350 in its debut, or around 10 times its Q1 2020 revenue and is now amply capitalized and has runway for effectively forever, given its modest cash consumption as an ongoing concern.

But while the debut was a success, seeing Agora’s share price rise as quickly as it did was not universally popular. Regular critic of the traditional IPO process Bill Gurley — a venture capitalist, so someone with a stake in this particular gambit — weighed in:

Let me translate. Gurley is irked — rightly, to at least some degree — that as Agora opened at $45 per share, the company’s IPO was awfully priced. By that we mean that the company should have sold its IPO shares not at $20, but at $45, the value at which the market quickly repriced them.

As $45 is more than twice $20, its bankers “missed by more than [their] original guess.” Given the number of shares the company sold, the mis-pricing could be worth up to $437.5 million!

There’s merit to this argument, but it’s not as complete a slam dunk as it might appear. Chat with CEOs of public companies and they will tell you about how important it is to have steady, stable, long-term shareholders of their equity. Those you might, say, meet on a roadshow and get to invest in your IPO shares.

Those groups — the long-term investors that tech folks claim to love so dearly — are likely a bit more price conscious than the momentum traders eager to find upside in recent debuts. That is, folks more likely to hold onto shares for a shorter period of time.

So, if you want long-term shareholders, you may have to price you IPO under the price the market may initially bear once trading begins.


Still, holy shit $20 per share is not close to $45. Gurley has a point.

The future

Change may be coming. The Agora news rotates back to what the NYSE, an American exchange, is doing. Namely trying to come up with a way to let companies direct list (to just start trading, sans pricing or raising new capital), and raise capital. This gets rid of the issues that Gurley highlighted above. At least in theory.

Obviously, if that model becomes possible and long-term investors are willing to pay for shares in a slightly different manner, the new method will be far superior than the old for companies that are great. What sort of companies get burned from first-day pops the most? I reckon it’s the most attractive, or hyped companies.

The companies that would make the most attractive IPOs would use the new method, leaving — what? The detritus to go out the old-fashioned way? Signaling issues abound!

Anyway, it was a zany first day for Agora.

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Free Webinar | July 14: Waze CEO Shares Roadmap from Startup to Global Phenomenon  Greenwich Time
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I need help identifying which role(s) of people I should be emailing.

Hey there – I recently launched a custom deck / presentation service based on my design skills and experience designing decks and have narrowed down my target audience being Tech Startups for the time being. That said, I'm wondering who the most optimal people in these teams are that I should be cold calling?

Presentations can be both internal and external in a company, so I'm not sure if the person I should be reaching out to would be director of strategy, or the head of marketing or even the CEO, although I imagine they'd be too busy – or is it a bad idea to even cold call two people of the team?


Any input is welcome, thanks

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Startups – Rapid Growth and Innovation is in Our Very Nature!